When do we start talking about alcohol abuse?
Alcohol abuse, binge drinking, addiction, alcoholism? Excessive alcohol consumption is numerous: what are the limits to be observed?
Drink moderately: the rule of three
If you are a man, do not drink on average more than three drinks of alcohol per day (max. 21 drinks per week). If you are a woman, never drink more than two drinks per day (max. 14 drinks per week). These are standard glasses: a glass of beer, a glass of wine and a glass of strong drink served in a suitable glass contain more or less the same amount of alcohol. Do not drink more than 5 glasses (man) or 3 glasses (woman) at a time. Don’t drink alcohol at least two days a week.
Party safe for those under 18
For young people , the rule is as follows: no strong drink before 18 and no alcohol before 16. Between the ages of 16 and 18, it is recommended not to drink alcohol more than two days a week and not to make it a weekly habit. For boys in this age group, the maximum is two drinks at a time; for girls the maximum is one or two drinks at a time.
Types of problematic alcohol use
The alcohol : more than 4 drinks per day for women and more than 6 drinks per day for men.
The binge drinking (binge drinking) is to drink a lot of alcohol in a short time: for men at least five drinks in two hours for women at least four glasses.
The alcohol dependence : the person cannot live without alcohol. This dependence is characterized by withdrawal symptoms, the fact of having to drink more and more for the same effect (tolerance), the fact of thinking only of alcohol of neglecting all other activities of drinking more than enough we intended to continue drinking against all logic.
Alcoholism – Understanding – From when do we speak of alcohol abuse?
In 2006, the Belgian drank an average of 89 liters of beer, 25 liters of wine and 3.4 liters of alcohol, or 8.5 liters of pure alcohol in total.
13% of men and 6% of women drink too much. The highest number of alcoholics is observed in the 45-54 age group. People with higher education drink alcohol more often (93.5%) than people with less education (70.5%).
Alcohol and young people
Alcohol consumption increases the most between the ages of 15 and 16. A quarter of boys had their first drink at age 11 or younger. In girls, this figure is halved. Four in ten young people between the ages of 15 and 16 drank at least five glasses of an alcoholic drink during their last outing. Youth more often than adults associate alcohol with other drugs such as marijuana and ecstasy.
The effects of alcohol
From sociability to loss of control …
People who do not drink regularly, the elderly and the young can experience the effects of alcohol strongly even after a few drinks. Stress and fatigue lead to drunkenness more quickly . In overweight people, alcohol levels in the blood also rise more easily. This is also valid for women. After a meal, alcohol passes more slowly into the blood. But the effects of alcohol depend mainly on the amount consumed.
Hangover comes later
A throbbing headache, nausea, intense thirst, sweating, shaking, anxiety and irritability are the price to pay for a drunken night out. Drinking lots of water and eating a solid breakfast can provide some relief, as can eating lots of fresh fruit. Fruit juice re balances the acidity level in the blood. A hangover usually goes away after 8 to 24 hours.