Curing alcoholism : a multi-step process
Motivation: a step towards change
Motivation can fluctuate in the alcohol detox process. It has its ups and downs and is structured in several stages.
At first, the person does not feel the slightest problem she has no motivation. His entourage exerts pressure but opposes resistance.
The next phase is that of reflection: the person admits their problem, but places it outside of themselves. She weighs the pros and cons.
Later, the person makes plans to change their alcohol consumption: drink less or stop. She can very gradually take action to reduce her alcohol consumption. His dignity and autonomy increase.
This process can lead to a stable change, but the person is not immune from relapse. Relapse is not catastrophic. In all change processes, relapse is a normal phase, including when you stop drinking. A setback, an argument or bad news can trigger it. Relapse should not be viewed as a failure. It often happens that people fall back several times into their old pattern, only to evolve towards a (more or less) permanent change.
Tips for reducing your alcohol consumption
Symptoms and consequences of alcohol: drugs exist!
The abuse of alcohol is often linked to a deficiency in vitamin B1. Taking vitamin B1 is therefore useful. Alcoholics also frequently develop magnesium deficiency, which can lead to health problems and must be corrected.
If symptoms of lack serious as hyperactivity, anxiety, increased irritability or tremors, the doctor may prescribe chlorine diazoxide to take about five days.
In the elderly or people with liver damage due to alcoholism , it is advisable to take oxazepam.
Acamprosate and naltrexone decrease the urge to drink. Disulfiram causes the patient to experience unpleasant effects if the patient consumes alcohol . He feels bad, wants to vomit … This is a drug intended for patients who are asking for it. These drugs have a limited effect and are more effective in a psychosocial approach.
Psychosocial help to fight against alcoholism
The social workers and therapists develop strategies for the prevention of relapse . The drug rehabilitation center option may be considered if the person needs a structured environment and does not have social support. A relational therapy for the companion or partner , focused on alcohol consumption , can also help. Support or therapy may also be necessary for children of parents addicted to alcohol, as they are at greater risk for anxiety and behavioral disorders.